drug-use-in-america

Drug Use in America: 10 of America’s Most Frequent Drug Addictions

Drug addiction is becoming an epidemic, with over 70,000 people in the US dying from drug addiction each year.

Its effects are devastating. Drug addiction affects the workings of the brain and body making the user feel numb and eventually losing self-control.

Drug addiction and its harmful effects on the body can sometimes prove fatal. Initially, you may take a drug because you like it and you feel good.

With time you begin to lose control and succumb to its frequent use.

Drug use in America has led to many problems and deaths due to gang crime and overdoses.

Is Drug Abuse Treatable?

Drug abuse is defined as when you use legal or illegal substances in unnecessary amounts. Mostly, people use drugs to avoid reality or to live in denial.

It changes your mental and physical health throwing you in a dark pit. However, with strong will power and medical treatment, you can overcome the addiction.

This article will provide a list of common addictions and their symptoms that can help you recognize drug abuse easily.

Symptoms of Drug Abuse

Understanding the epidemic is important otherwise drug overuse death would continue to increase. In the U.S it has increased to an alarming level.

It is essential to know about the symptoms and behavioral patterns.

Following are some of the symptoms and behavioral patterns of drug addiction:

  • The need to use drugs daily or several times a day.
  • Having a strong urge to use the drug.
  • Taking large amounts of drugs.
  • Spending a large sum of money on drugs even though you are facing financial issues.
  • Unable to socialize or perform better at a job due to drug addiction.
  • Continuing the use of drugs despite the fact that it harms your body.
  • Making unsuccessful attempts to stop using it.
  • Having a neglected appearance is also one of the symptoms.
  • Seclusion
  • Hallucinations
  • Paranoia
  • Tremors
  • Muscle cramping
  • Sweating

These are some of the symptoms that a frequent drug user shows. Intervention can be helpful in some cases.

However, you need to know about 8 elements of a successful intervention before you can hold one.

10 of America’s Most Frequent Drug Addictions

Drug use in America has increased in the past years. There are many popular drugs in America that have resulted in the unnecessary deaths of individuals.

The situation is worrying and each day the number of people falling prey to drug addiction is alarming.

Here are the most frequent drug addictions.

1. Nicotine

Having easy access to this drug has become the reason for its frequent use. Many people despite the knowledge of harmful effects continue smoking.

The use of tobacco is harmful to health as it affects the lungs leading to the development of fatal diseases. Over 40 million people in America are addicted to nicotine.

2. Alcohol

It is sometimes hard to find a person who is addicted to alcohol. It has become more of a social ritual and has engulfed the U.S. There are many negative effects of this abuse.

Apart from affecting mental and physical health, many people drive under the influence that results in death or injury.

3. Cocaine

A powerful stimulant drug, Cocaine increases the levels of dopamine in the brain that leads to various health effects like extreme mental alertness, increased levels of happiness and energy, paranoia and irritability.

Intake of large amounts of cocaine can lead to violent behavior. Its frequent and binge use can damage the heart, nervous, digestive and respiratory systems severely.

4. Marijuana

A highly potent drug and its legalization in some states have led to its frequent use. It has become one of the most popular drugs in the U.S.

5. Painkillers

Painkiller addiction is another rising epidemic that can be lethal in some extreme cases. Drugs like Oxycontin, Codeine, and Vicodin are considered common painkillers.

They are often prescribed but this does not mean that they are not addictive. Patients who become addicted to such painkillers do not realize how much they have become dependent on it.

6. Heroin

Known for its euphoric effects, this drug is used for recreation purpose. In the United States, the drug is becoming popular among women.

It is also spreading diseases like HIV and AIDS. Its treatment is not easy and users often have to undergo a twelve step program along with some medication.

7. Hallucinogens

This type of drug causes hallucinations and is often used for religious rituals. Its effects vary from person to person due to different levels of chemicals found in the body.

8. Benzodiazepines

This drug group is known to regulate moods and help in managing stress and anxiety. Many people who use this drug are unaware of this addiction until they have to function without using it.

Forced withdrawal is dangerous, it can lead to death.

9. Ketamine

This type of drug causes hallucinations or disassociation. Other effects include sedation, pain relief, memory loss, trouble thinking, agitation, increase in blood pressure and heart and depression.

Its overdose can be dangerous.

10. 4-MTA AKA “Ecstasy”

It is sold as tablets and makes users feel peaceful. In some cases, it can lead to insomnia. Some negative effects are sweating, confusion, dizziness, intoxication and memory loss.

These are some of the popular drugs in America. The impact of drug addiction to mental health is severe and should be treated immediately.

Drug Use in America: An Epidemic

Drug use in America has become an epidemic and drastic measures should be taken in order to treat the addiction.

There are many rehabilitation centers built to help people recover. You need to know the symptoms in order to discover the drug addiction. Learn about the various levels of addiction treatment and help your loved ones today.

A little effort and concern can help you in saving a precious life.

Contact us today for more help or information on drug addiction recovery.

References

crack cocaine abuse

Combating Crack Cocaine: Citing the Stages of Abuse

More than 1.5 million Americans have used crack or crack cocaine in the past month alone.

This highly addictive, dangerous drug contributes to thousands of deaths every year. It can lead to HPV, violent outbursts, lung problems, and a number of other health issues.

And like many hard drugs, breaking a crack cocaine addiction is incredibly tough.

If you have a loved one or friend who may be suffering from an addiction, keep reading. We’re breaking down what you need to know about the stages of abuse, how they are treated, and the symptoms they may cause.

The 7 Stages of Abuse When Dealing with Crack Cocaine

While different individuals have different levels of tolerance, it’s generally accepted that a person can’t smoke crack cocaine once and then never do so again.

Crack cocaine is extremely addictive. A single fix can lead to a lasting addiction that is incredibly difficult to break.

Whether that first fix is smoked, snorted, or ingested otherwise, the individual immediately enters the seven stages of abuse and recovery.

If they choose to try to break their addiction, they’ll begin working their way through the other stages. If they continue to get one fix after the next, they’ll never move past the first stage.

Understanding the following stages is important if you’re looking to help someone beat their addiction.

They’ll help you know what to look for when moving from one stage to the next. They’ll also give you a better understanding of the symptoms that a person might experience while going through any given stage of abuse.

1. Anxiety and Panic

The very first stage of crack cocaine withdrawal begins immediately after an addict’s last fix.

The high they experience following that fix may stave off the initial crack cocaine withdrawal symptoms for a few hours. But depending on how they get their fix, the high may last much less time. Smoking crack often only leads to a high of five to 10 minutes.

The moment that high begins to ebb, the addict will begin to have severe feelings of anxiety and panic.

They’ll obsess about finding their next fix. If they don’t have the money to pay for more of their chosen drug, they may resort to taking extreme measures to get the drugs, or money for the drugs.

An addict may try to pawn valuables like jewelry or tools. If they don’t have their own items to pawn, they may steal them from others. Or they may try to steal cash from those around them.

If they become desperate, addicts may even try to trade sexual favors for drugs.

This stage of withdrawal will likely continue until the person scores another fix, thus restarting the cycle of abuse again.

If the person isn’t able to score another fix within 24 hours, or if they choose not to because they are attempting to break their addiction, they’ll move on to the second stage of crack cocaine withdrawal.

2. The Crash

The next stage of withdrawal from crack cocaine is a crash.

This crash usually occurs around 24 hours after an addict’s last fix. This time period may be longer or shorter depending on the individual’s length of addiction, tolerance levels, and other factors.

When the crash starts, an addict will begin to experience feelings of deep depression and despair. They may even begin to have thoughts of suicide. Left unchecked, an addict may even attempt suicide at this stage.

While the individual may feel as though their body is shutting down, these symptoms are actually emotional.

Crack cocaine is water soluble. Unlike other forms of drug addiction, those going through withdrawal from crack cocaine don’t go through detox as the drugs leave their system.

This means that their symptoms are not physical, but entirely emotional. But don’t mistake this distinction as meaning that an addict isn’t experiencing any pain. They will feel as though their symptoms are physical.

These extreme, painful feelings often make this the toughest stage to beat. Left on their own, if an addict is able, they’re likely to do anything they can to get another fix and stop these symptoms.

Trying to get through this stage on their own can be incredibly difficult. If a person is trying to break their addiction, it’s best to weather this stage in a treatment facility.

This crash can last anywhere from a few hours to a few days after an addict gets their last fix. When it subsides, the individual will then enter the third stage of abuse.

3. False Hope

Within a few days of their last dose of crack cocaine, individuals may lapse into the most dangerous stage. During this time, they may feel as though they are free of their addiction.

Their self-confidence will increase. They’ll begin to feel emotionally and physically recovered from their crash. They’ll feel healthy, happy, and close to feeling like they did before their drug addiction started.

These feelings are often referred to as a “honeymoon period.” They give individuals a false sense of hope as they think that they have already beaten their addiction.

If they were involved in a drug treatment program, they may check themselves out, thinking that they are fine to go back to their own lives. Staying in an inpatient treatment facility is important throughout this stage and into the next.

4. The Craving Returns

Unfortunately, these feelings of happiness and freedom won’t last.

Within just a few days, they’ll subside, and the feelings of withdrawal will return.

As dopamine and serotonin levels in the body rise, cravings will return. Depending on the individual, they may be more or less severe, but they’ll return nonetheless.

If an individual has left a treatment program thinking they had beat their addiction, they may now be at risk of a relapse.

5. Emotional Turmoil

Within 14 days of their last fix, addicts will enter the stage of abuse that can last as long as two years.

Not only have the cravings returned, but they will also begin to experience strong, irrational emotions.

They may swing between happiness and anger, fear and sadness, and deep depression. Even small, normal emotional situations can spur an extreme response. Something that a non-addicted person would deal with quickly and move on from, an addict may obsess over.

Left untreated, this stage of abuse can have devastating consequences.

The individual may lose all self-confidence. They’ll struggle to form relationships or hold employment. They may lapse into depression and suicidal thoughts.

Nightmares and issues with anxiety are also very common too.

During this stage, it’s important that a recovering addict fill their life with the right influences.

Group recovery programs can give them emotional support. Professional treatment can help them learn how to replace negative feelings with positive ones.

Physical activity can also help to manage symptoms. A healthy diet can help as well.

6. Lingering Cravings

Even after the extreme feelings of the fourth stage have begun to subside, an individual may still experience cravings.

Because they have begun to recover, these cravings may be less likely to lead to relapse and more likely to cause emotional turmoil. A person may feel guilty for craving drugs and will try to mask those feelings.

During this stage, it’s also common to lapse back into old, unhealthy habits. This can increase feelings of guilt.

Individuals may withdraw from friends and family, or start keeping secrets in an attempt to keep others from finding out that the cravings are still present.

7. Honing Behavior to Avoid Further Symptoms

The lingering cravings and emotional symptoms may linger for weeks, months, or even years after an addiction ends.

A big part of managing and treating these symptoms is learning how to hone behaviors and avoid situations that may cause cravings to return or to increase.

Just as a recovering alcoholic should avoid bars or social situations where drinking is expected, recovering crack cocaine addicts need to stay away from areas and situations that remind them of their former addiction.

Because cocaine abuse is often associated with early childhood trauma, emotional distress and violent relationships can spur an increase in cravings.

It’s also important to avoid any other addicts that aren’t recovering or who recently quit who might cause an individual to relapse.

During this final stage of crack cocaine abuse, an outpatient treatment program will help the individual learn healthy habits and practices that can help them stay drug-free. Health professionals may recommend physical activities, diet changes, and other treatments that will help the recovering addict live a happy, healthy life.

Symptoms of Crack Cocaine Withdrawal

When a person is addicted to crack cocaine or is going through abuse recovery, they may experience a wide range of symptoms. These can vary depending on how old the person is, their health, how long they were addicted, and a number of other factors.

As mentioned above, emotional symptoms like anxiety, depression, and anger are all common. This is true both while a person is still abusing the drug and while going through recovery.

While they are high, the person may feel alive and energized. As the high fades and the cravings start to set in, they may become anxious, panicked, and angry.

They may feel as though everyone is out to get them, and see their loved ones and friends as obstacles between them and the thing they want the most: their next fix.

While high, hallucinations are also common.

When battling addiction, a person may lose their appetite. In an effort to spend every moment seeking their next fix, they may stop eating entirely, which can lead to malnourishment.

Deaths associated with crack cocaine addiction are often caused by a rise in body temperature, blood pressure, and heart rate. An addict may also develop other diseases and infections caused by sharing needles or by the damage done to their nasal passages, throat, and lungs.

Treating Crack Cocaine Addiction

Treatment for crack cocaine addiction requires professional help.

Addicted individuals may need medical help to tackle symptoms, emotional support from counselors who understand what they are feeling, and the support of staff who knows what to expect while tackling the stages of abuse.

Treatment for addiction starts with an intervention. The intervention is key to convincing the addict that they need to make a change or risk losing their lives.

There are a number of strategies involved in staging an intervention to increase the chances of convincing an addict to seek help.

Once an individual is admitted to a treatment facility, they may be guided through detox with the help of medications. Once they have detoxed from the drug, the facility will then start other treatments, including both emotional and physical treatment for the symptoms of withdrawal.

Seeking Help for Your Friend or Loved One

Helping someone fight their crack cocaine addiction can be difficult.

To start, convincing them to seek treatment can feel impossible. The individual is likely to defend their addiction and offer excuses for why they can’t quit. If pressed, they may become angry or even violent.

Their feelings of paranoia and anxiety might cause them to distrust even those who are closest to them.

If you’re able to convince your friend or loved one to seek treatment, they’ll still be facing the seven stages of abuse. At any point in the process, they may relapse or experience other symptoms that can lead to a health crisis.

Being there for them during these stages can be both physically and emotionally difficult, especially if the cravings and symptoms linger for months or years.

But regardless of the obstacles you’re likely to face, doing everything you can to help a person break their addiction can be the difference between saving their lives or letting them go.

If you have a loved one who is battling addiction, it’s time for an intervention. Click here to learn more about how to stage one and the steps you need to take to be successful.

What You’ll Find in Outpatient Rehab Treatment

In most cases, an outpatient rehab treatment center isn’t where people start their recovery journey. For severe addictions, detox programs and inpatient rehab centers are a better focal point, although outpatient treatment can be an effective first step for those with less severe substance abuse issues.

Unlike inpatient and residential treatment programs, outpatient treatment centers do not require patients to live on at the rehab facility. There are various levels of outpatient treatment available and you should have more flexibility to seek treatment around your existing schedule and responsibilities.

For those seeking outpatient treatment after having already undergone an inpatient or residential rehab program, outpatient rehab helps prepare recovery patients for returning to their normal lives. Patients have access to much needed support, counselors, therapy, and continued addiction recovery treatment as they transition out of rehab. Since relapse is most common during this transition, it’s important to know that you have the tools, encouragement, and resources you need to stay on track.

Long term sobriety and addiction recovery is possible for anyone suffering from a drug or alcohol addiction. Including you.

 

Outpatient Rehab Day Programs

Day programs offer the highest level of care and structure available in outpatient treatment. In an outpatient day program, patients will usually visit their outpatient facility or rehab center on a daily basis, or at least several times a week, for a period of time — a few hours usually. During their on-campus hours, they’ll continue the therapy they started during their inpatient treatment or begin therapy if a new patient. They’ll also participate in group counseling and additional therapy programs that may be available, like sports, art, or music therapy. When applicable, they’ll also participate in biofeedback assessments.

Day patients do not stay overnight or live on campus, however. After they’ve completed their treatment for the day, patients return home or to a sober living home. Since daytime outpatient programs can monopolize patients’ time, their ability to return to work and school is often limited for the duration of their treatment program.

 

Intensive Outpatient Programs (IOPs)

Intensive outpatient treatment is next on the outpatient treatment ladder as far as intensity is concerned. These programs are designed to put together a treatment plan with fixed milestones in order to help patients measure their progress. As their treatment continues and their milestones are reached, the amount of time they need to commit to the on-site aspects of their treatment lowers. This can allow patients to ease back into work, school, and other responsibilities that they may have had to take a break from while enrolled in an inpatient or residential treatment program.

IOPs are a great treatment option for anyone trying to seek addiction recovery when they have existing responsibilities like work, school, and family, because it gives the patient the flexibility to keep up with those responsibilities while overcoming their addiction. These treatment programs can consist of a multiple several-hour-long sessions a week, group therapy, a recovery support group (such as 12 steps or Alcoholics Anonymous), and relapse prevention education to help them balance life in and out of their recovery environment.  

 

After Rehab Treatment Options

Addiction recovery support groups like Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous are a great way to continue being dedicated to your recovery while also maintaining a support network. These programs provide a structured support environment and are usually coordinated by a licensed therapist and meet at least once a week. There are a variety of different types of support groups available and some are even specialized for certain addictions or demographics. Finding an organized support group that’s relevant to you near your area can help you stay focused and motivated on specific aspects of your recovery.

 

Find an Addiction Treatment Center Today

Choosing the right path for your addiction treatment can be confusing, but we can help provide the information you need in order to make an informed decision. Take your first step on the road to recovery. Contact us for a free insurance consultation so we can verify your insurance for rehab treatment. Our specialists are available 24/7 to help you find the treatment center than can meet your addiction recovery needs, so call to get started today.

 

Drug and Alcohol Detox Treatment Programs

One of the major factors that impact addiction recovery is the severity of the patient’s biological and psychological dependency on the substance or substances they’ve been abusing. A biological or chemical dependency can be just as strenuous to combat as a psychological dependency, depending on the substances being abused and the duration of misuse, which can impact the types of treatment recommended and the duration of a patient’s treatment plan.

A substance dependence is the result of the body getting to used to the presence of a substance, such as alcohol or tobacco, that the user has to change their habits in order to continue getting the effects of the substance. These changes usually lead to disruptions to their daily life and relationships in some way as the problems caused by their substance abuse become more significant. Some signs of a drug or alcohol dependency include:

  • An increased tolerance for the substance, leading to increased amounts of the substance being used in order to receive the same “high”
  • The presence of withdrawal symptoms when you decrease your intake or attempt to stop using the drug that makes it difficult to combat the problem own
  • Significant amounts of your time are spent trying to get more drugs or alcohol, using them, and recovering from the effects
  • Cutting back on or avoiding social and recreational activities or hobbies
  • Continuing to abuse the substance despite awareness of the physical and mental health ramifications, strain the problem is putting on your social life and loved one, and other potential problems (such as financial strain)

 

What is Medically Assisted Detoxification?

Medically assisted detox is a common first step when attempting to overcome a physical addiction to drugs or alcohol. There are inpatient and outpatient detox programs, but a medically assisted program requires inpatient treatment so medical professionals can monitor the patient’s withdrawal symptoms and progress.

Since medications are administered to lessen and control withdrawal symptoms during medically assisted detox treatment, recovering addicts generally deal with less discomfort during their detox process. The medical professional or detox team overseeing treatment may alternate or switch out the medications used as needed to help the patient’s withdrawal symptoms.

After detox, the patient’s physical dependency is removed, meaning they can focus on therapy programs and behavioral changes to curb any remaining urges to use. The physical need for the substance, however, should be removed entirely after this process.

 

Withdrawal Syndrome

Withdrawal syndrome is a blanket term for the side effects a person suffers from when they try to stop using a substance their body has become dependent upon. The longer a person is using said substance and the larger their doses, the more likely they are to suffer from varying degrees of a withdrawal syndrome.

Withdrawal symptoms can range from mild to lethal depending on the substance being abused, how that substance is abused, and the level of dependency or intensity of their addiction. Withdrawal symptoms can manifest physically and psychologically, which is why it’s highly discouraged for people to stop their substance abuse suddenly (or “cold turkey”) since their reaction could be highly adverse and dangerous in some way.

Depending on the substance and severity of the substance dependence, withdrawal symptoms can start manifesting in as little as a few hours after an individual’s last high, but usually it takes a day or two to fully set it.

Patients should also expect to have cravings during their detox phase as a byproduct of withdrawal syndrome. In the case of a severe addiction, medically assisted detox treatment is often the best option available to successfully detox from any substance.

 

Alcohol Detox Withdrawal Symptoms

Alcohol withdrawal syndrome typically involves symptoms pertaining to the central nervous system. Depending on the severity of the addiction, withdrawal symptoms can range from rather mild to extremely life-threatening, making alcohol one of the more dangerous substance to detox from without the aid of medical professionals.

In most cases, withdrawal symptoms begin 6 to 24 hours after the last alcoholic drink consumed and usually lasts for about a week. In extreme cases, symptoms can begin appearing as little as 2 hours after the individual has had an alcoholic beverage. Some of these symptoms include:

  • Delirium
  • Hallucinations (Auditory, Visual, or Tactile)
  • Tremors (“the shakes”)
  • Insomnia
  • Dizziness, Nausea, and/or Vomiting
  • Seizures
  • Mood Swings
  • Anxiety
  • Aggression/Agitation
  • Headaches/Migraines
  • High blood pressure
  • Cravings (usually for Alcohol)
  • Anhedonia
  • Delirium tremens (usually occurs 24-72 hours after intake cessation)

Of these symptoms, insomnia, seizures, delirium tremens, and mood swings are some of the most dangerous reactions and are more likely to promote relapse. Delirium tremens is especially dangerous and usually requires immediate medical attention if it manifests in a recovering addict.

 

Heroin, Opiate, and Opioid Detox Withdrawal Symptoms

Despite being a significantly difficult class of drugs to stop using, opiates and opioid detox typically takes 5-10 days. Withdrawal symptoms for these drugs can be tough, however, although medically assisted detox programs can help control the more extreme withdrawal symptoms.

Withdrawal symptoms can take as little as a few hours to show up, especially with drugs that get into and out of the bloodstream as quickly as opioids and opiates.

 

Heroin Withdrawal Symptoms

Short term heroin withdrawal symptoms can include:

  • Cold and Flu-like symptoms
  • Dehydration
  • Excessive secretion of tears
  • Restlessness
  • Insomnia
  • Uncontrollable yawning
  • Excessive sweating
  • Muscle aches and spasms
  • Aggression
  • Mood swings
  • Irritability
  • Inability to concentrate

In some cases, patients will experience long-term withdrawal side effects as well, which can impact recovery severely if not treated properly. These side effects include:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • High blood pressure
  • Paranoia
  • Hyperactivity
  • Drug cravings
  • Relapse

 

Opiate and Opioid Withdrawal Symptoms

Opioid withdrawal symptoms that usually begin in the first 24 hours after cessation include:

  • Restlessness
  • Aches and pains
  • Anxiety
  • Lacrimation (eyes tearing up)
  • Runny nose/cold-like symptoms
  • Excessive yawning
  • Inability to sleep
  • Excessive sweating

 

Additional symptoms, which can be more intense and typically start after your first day, usually include:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal cramps and discomfort
  • Diarrhea
  • Goosebumps/Chills
  • Dilated pupils and blurry vision
  • Increased heart rate
  • High blood pressure

 

Cocaine and Crack Cocaine Detox Withdrawal Symptoms

Compared to other drugs, cocaine withdrawal tends to be milder and mostly psychological in nature. This doesn’t mean that cocaine detox isn’t a struggle, but it’s often less extreme than other detox processes. Since cocaine enters and leaves the bloodstream very quickly compared to other substances, symptoms can manifest in as little as 90 minutes and typically last for 7-10 days.

 

Cocaine Withdrawal Symptoms

  • Anhedonia (inability to feel pleasure)
  • Fatigue or exhaustion
  • Inability to experience sexual arousal
  • Reduced cognitive function (difficulty concentrating, thinking, etc)
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Suicidal thoughts or behaviors
  • Cold and Flu-like symptoms
  • Increased appetite
  • Chills/tremors
  • Muscle aches
  • Nerve pain
  • Restlessness
  • Vivid dreams or nightmares

Crack cocaine is more concentrated than regular cocaine, and the withdrawal symptoms are often more intense as a result. For most people, crack cocaine detox involves two stages:

Acute Withdrawal Symptoms

  • Anxiety
  • Disturbing dreams or nightmares
  • Reduced cognitive function (difficulty concentrating, thinking, etc)
  • Exhaustion
  • Mood changes
  • Irritability

Post-acute Withdrawal Symptoms

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Anhedonia (inability to feel pleasure)
  • Insomnia
  • Increased agitation
  • Emotional outbursts
  • Cravings
  • Tremors and shaking
  • Lack of motivation

Unfortunately for recovering crack addicts, the physical symptoms of crack cocaine withdrawal can last for months after discontinued use depending on the severity of their addiction and intensity of their usage habits prior to rehab treatment.

 

Methamphetamine Detox Withdrawal Symptoms

Methamphetamine (Meth, Crystal Meth, Speed, etc.) is an increasingly popular man-made stimulant that has something of a unique detox process. Unlike most substances, studies have shown that methamphetamine withdrawal has a relatively consistent and predictable timeline even for chronic meth abusers. This helps rehab centers and medical professionals know what to expect when helping recovering meth abusers.

Typically, withdrawal symptoms will begin to manifest roughly 10 hours after cessation, reaching its peak at 7 to 10 days, with the average overall duration covering around 14 to 20 days.

Most methamphetamine withdrawal symptoms are psychological and emotional, though there are several physical symptoms that are fairly common. Methamphetamine detox also tends to be less severe than alcohol of opioid detox processes.

 

Methamphetamine Withdrawal Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Lethargy
  • Excessive sleepiness (common when dealing with stimulant detoxes)
  • Increased appetite
  • Restlessness
  • Shaking
  • Jitteriness
  • Dry mouth
  • Depression
  • Apathy
  • Hopelessness
  • Suicidal thoughts or behaviors
  • Extreme meth cravings (usually decline or fade away quickly compared to other symptoms)

Some psychotic symptoms can also occur, including paranoia, delusions, and hallucinations. Due to the potential risk of harming themselves and others, if these symptoms manifest in a methamphetamine detox patient, they need to be treated by medical professionals immediately.

 

Marijuana Detox Withdrawal Symptoms

Even though marijuana is generally considered a less severe drug to abuse, addiction is an equal-opportunity health concern. Anyone addicted to marijuana or with heavy usage habits will likely suffer some very uncomfortable withdrawal side effects if they don’t detox safely, preferably under the watch of a healthcare professional.

Marijuana detox can be painful, since there are physical symptoms as well as psychological effects caused by detoxing from the drug.

 

Marijuana Withdrawal Symptoms

  • Headaches
  • Decreased appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Chills
  • Shakiness
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Excessive sweating
  • Irritability
  • Mood swings
  • Stomach pains
  • Other aches and pains

Nicotine and Tobacco Detox Withdrawal Symptoms

Over 38 million people in the United States successfully quit smoking each year, but overall there are still roughly 50 million Americans addicted to some kind of tobacco product. And despite public smoking laws cracking down on nicotine and tobacco exposure in the last decade or so, like alcohol, cigarettes and tobacco products tend to be intertwined with various social engagements which can make the difficult to avoid if you’re trying to overcome an addiction.

When going through nicotine detox or tobacco detox, symptoms will usually manifest a few hours after your last instance of tobacco use and intensify or peak about 3 days later. Unfortunately, withdrawal symptoms for tobacco products can be highly psychological, meaning they can increase, mimic, or worsen the symptoms of existing psychiatric ailments.

 

Tobacco and Nicotine Withdrawal Symptoms

  • Intense cravings for nicotine/tobacco
  • Tingling sensations in the hands and feet
  • Cold and Flu-like symptoms
  • Insomnia
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Weight gain
  • Restlessness
  • Decreased heart rate
  • Excessive sweating
  • Gastrointestinal issues (constipation, gas, etc.)
  • Insomnia or fatigue
  • Lack of focus
  • Headache
  • Increased appetite
  • Irritability

 

Are You Ready to Take Your First Steps Towards Recovery?

Addiction Treatment Services can help you find the drug and alcohol detox program and addiction treatment you need ASAP. One of our helpful service representatives will conduct your complimentary insurance review and match you with a reputable rehab center that can provide the treatment you need. Our service specialists are available 24/7 for your convenience, so call us now to take the first step towards your addiction recovery.

Continued Education for Parents Helps Fight Drug Abuse

save teens from drug abusePrograms all over the United States are beginning to focus on parents when it comes to preventing teen drug use. Oftentimes the families are so blindsided by their loved one’s drug addiction that it can be difficult to figure out the right steps to take when addressing the problem. As people become more educated on drugs and addiction, it is also clear that parents and family members play a major role in preventing drug abuse and getting addicts the help they need.

Operation Save Teens is a group that was started in Alabama to educate people on the dangers of drug abuse and what to do if a family member begins abusing drugs. There are several of these types of groups throughout the country. Grassroots movements that were born out of the tragedy of losing a loved one to drugs, oftentimes these loved ones were teenagers.

“We do these programs to enlighten the parents and to give them the signs to look for, but also to show the kids, too. We have to get to the kids before they get addicted to something. It’s very hard to get people unaddicted. These treatment centers are very expensive, and most of the time, it takes long-term care and commitment,” explained Lt. Mike Reese of the Alabama Alcoholic Beverage Control Board.

Teenagers have been targeted as more susceptible for drug use and abuse because of the many different pressures they are under. Insecurities surrounding looks, education and their future can combine to make them reach for the numbing effects of drugs. Synthetic drugs can also be more appealing to teenagers because they are often easier to obtain and newer to the market. Because of their newness, many teenagers are not aware of the extreme dangers synthetic drugs pose to users, such as hallucinations, suicidal thoughts and paranoid behavior.

There are hundreds of different educational groups around the country working hard to educate families and children on the dangers and signs of drug abuse. For people who do become addicted and need treatment, we’re here to help.

Researchers Advance Methods of Breath Testing for Drugs

chromjournThe most common way to detect if a person has abused drugs or is under the influence of drugs is to test their urine. Results are almost immediate and the process of urine analysis has been implemented in treatment centers, hospitals, workplace and the justice system. However, there can be some flaws in this method of drug testing.

For instance, many drug offenders attempt (and sometimes get away with) circumventing the test. This is accomplished by either trying to taint the sample or use some other form of alteration. Another problem is that the test has to be administered in a particular setting with safeguards in place against the usual methods of tricking the test. Due to some of these difficulties, researchers in Sweden set out to create a test that would be just as effective but would be more conducive to on-the-spot testing and more resistant to attempts to produce false negatives.

Olof Beck, a professor at the Department of Laboratory Medicine at the Karolinska Institute and his team discovered that drugs could be detected by analyzing a person’s breath when they exhale. This discovery may allow police, hospital and prison employees to detect if someone is under the influence of drugs immediately and without having to administer a urine analysis.

The results were published in the Journal of Chromotagraphy. This is the process of separating particles in a solution or vapor. This enhanced form of breathalyzer reportedly can detect more than just alcohol or marijuana usage, which are more common applications. Beck’s study included panels for other drugs, including amphetamines, morphine, cocaine, and benzos.

“I see many possible applications of breath drug testing. Driving under the Influence of drugs (DUID) is only one; workplace, criminal justice, accidents and compliance monitoring of patients are others. For DUID, the short detection time is relevant since the state of influence is in focus, and this combined with the convenient sampling procedure makes it an attractive solution for roadside testing,” explained the lead researcher on the study.

While this testing process is still in its infancy, there are many hopes that it will aid in the monitoring of drug use and prevent people from abusing drugs and getting away with it by cheating the common urine analysis tests.

Recovery Month Serves as a Reminder of the Need for Treatment Services

recmo25Despite nearly 25 million people in the United States, 12 or older, needing treatment for drug or alcohol abuse, only 2.5 million actually received treatment. This alarming statistic shows that the focus needs to remain on education, prevention and treatment when it comes to drug and alcohol abuse, especially among teenagers.

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) released a report recently stating that almost ten percent of Americans, 12 and older, had abused drugs in 2013. Of those abuse drugs, 20 million people admit to using marijuana. This makes marijuana the most abused drug in our country. With two states making the drug legal, it is now easier to obtain and more accepted. However, there are studies being done that look into the health risks of marijuana, especially the risks that the drug poses to children. Surprisingly, there is not a lot of information regarding the health consequences of marijuana on the growing brain, an oversight that many researchers are looking to correct.

Being that September is National Recovery month, it is only appropriate to look at these statistics and wonder how more people can be helped. Drug abuse is an epidemic in this country, but the epidemic has a cure – effective addiction treatment and prevention.

“Throughout our nation thousands still needlessly suffer the ravages of untreated substance use and mental disorders. We must reach out to all people with unmet need so that they can return to lives full of hope, well-being and fulfillment,” commented SAMHSA Administrator Pamela Hyde.

While adults continue to abuse drugs at an alarming rate, the amount of children abusing drugs is most concerning. With statistics such as 4.5 million people in this country aged 12 and older reported that they abused prescription medication in the past month, and 1.5 million people over the age of 12 admit that they are current cocaine abusers, hopefully more people will reach for help as a result of Recovery Month activities.

Colorado Ad Campaign Aims to Deter Teen Marijuana Use

dontbealabratssColorado is conducting a powerful campaign aiming to prevent teen marijuana abuse. The state has garnered a lot of recent press due to the fact that they have allowed recreational marijuana use and some people are concerned the new amendment would lead to an acceptance of drug use among teens. To help prevent this from happening, the state of Colorado hired Mike Sukle of Sukle Advertising & Design to put together a campaign that would speak to teenagers about the dangers of marijuana abuse.

Sukle explains that the campaign was tricky because of the widespread acceptance of marijuana in the state. He points out that you have to be careful about how you warn children against using marijuana. Oftentimes children are told things about drugs that are heavily exaggerated or simply aren’t true. When children see that they have been lied to, it is even harder to dissuade them from abusing the drug themselves.

Studies are showing that using marijuana at a young age can lead to schizophrenia, stunted brain growth and a lowered IQ. Armed with this information Sukle created a campaign that would reach out to teens and point out the inevitable. In a few years scientists would be studying their generation to determine the effects of early marijuana use. The campaign is called Don’t Be A Lab Rat and it shows giant rat cages with signs explaining the potential fallout from early marijuana use.

The signs say things such as: “What do the effects of lead paint, mercury, and weed on teenagers’ brains all have in common? We’re about to find out.” or “Congratulations. You’re the first teenage generation living in a state with legalized marijuana. Scientists can’t wait to see the negative effects it will have on your brain.”

The intention is not to scare or lie to teenagers, but to engage their curiosity and get them to realize that they are still developing. Ingesting drugs during such a crucial time in a person’s development can have long-lasting negative effects.